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Explore BIMP-EAGA's Cultural and Natural Attractions

Lush rainforests, white-sand beaches, exotic and diverse wildlife, friendly people with a rich history, heritage, and culture. Those are what travelers can expect from BIMP-EAGA. 

There is much to discover, with BIMP-EAGA covering the entire sultanate of Brunei Darussalam; the provinces of Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Maluku and West Papua of Indonesia; the states of Sabah and Sarawak and the federal territory of Labuan in Malaysia; and Mindanao and the province of Palawan in the Philippines. 

Globally important ecosystems

The Bornean rainforest as the morning mist begins to dissipate.
Morning mist hovers Borneo's rainforest. Photo credit: iStock/Jason T. Mulvaney 

BIMP-EAGA countries share the most biodiverse rainforest and marine ecosystems in the world, which are protected through the Heart of Borneo and the Coral Triangle initiatives. 

The Heart of Borneo refers to the rainforest system on the Borneo Island, which Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, and Malaysia share. It spans a third of the island. It contains the largest remaining contiguous forest in Asia, extending over 22 million hectares. The tropical rainforest is home to approximately 6% of the world’s biodiversity.

The Coral Triangle refers to the network of coral reefs considered as the global center of tropical marine diversity. It supports the highest number of species of coral reef fishes, and turtles. The roughly triangular area covers 5.7 million square kilometers of tropical marine waters of six countries, including Indonesia, Malaysia, and Philippines. The mangrove forests, coral reefs, and coastal and offshore waters are the most species-rich in the tropics.

Sustainable tourism

Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Hikers at the top of Mount Kinabalu, Sabah. Photo credit: iStock/R.M. Nunes 

With both the Heart of Borneo and the Coral Triangle under threat, BIMP-EAGA is promoting ecotourism across the subregion to protect its biologically diverse resources. It also promotes community-based ecotourism, which involves and empowers communities to take advantage of natural, cultural, and historic assets for tourism.

BIMP-EAGA also boasts of six UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Lorentz National Park in Papua, Indonesia; Mt. Kinabalu Park in Sabah, Malaysia; Gunung Mulu National Park in Sarawak, Malaysia; Puerto Princesa Subterranean River in Palawan, Philippines; Tubbataha Reefs National Park, also in Palawan, Philippines; and Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary in Davao, Philippines.

Apart from these destinations, BIMP-EAGA offers unique experiences for travelers, including diving, snorkeling, trekking, mountain climbing, sailing, and golf, among others.


Tanjung Harapan
A visitor hands a banana to an orangutan in Kalimantan. Photo credit: iStock/Joel Carillet 

BIMP-EAGA is synonymous with rainforests, thanks to the Heart of Borneo. Outside of Borneo, swathes of rainforests in Mindanao and Palawan in the Philippines remain pristine and provide opportunities for travelers to explore.

Sun, sand, sea

Moorish Ideols Zanclus cornutus
Tropical treasures deep in the sea. Photo credit: iStock/ifish 

BIMP-EAGA has much to offer for those who enjoy sun, sand, and sea. Think island getaways with sandy beaches, diving and exploring vibrant coral reefs, wreck diving, snorkeling, and boat rides. Sulawesi, Maluku, West Papua, Sabah, Mindanao, and Palawan offer those types of experiences to travelers.

Flora and fauna

Pink-necked Green Pigeon
Brunei’s tropical rainforests are some of the oldest in the world. Photo credit: iStock/DustyFog 

In both sea and land, BIMP-EAGA is home to a stunningly diverse and unique flora and fauna. From orangutans, pygmy elephants, Sumatran rhinoceros, proboscis monkeys to rafflesia, marine turtles, and whale sharks, the forests and waters of BIMP-EAGA teem with rare species.

Rich culture

Indak Indak sa Kadalanan 2016
Performers during a festival in Davao City. Photo credit: iStock/Jp Calis 

Many of the ecotourism sites and destinations in BIMP-EAGA are in rural areas with distinct cultures, traditions and lifestyles. Borneo's forests alone support the diverse cultures of over 200 indigenous groups. The subregion’s rich history, heritage, and culture attract both domestic and foreign tourists. The traditional cuisines are an added attraction.

With such varied destinations and attractions, travelers are spoiled for choice when they visit BIMP-EAGA.